Public lecture at University of Copenhagen featuring talks by Elena Meyer-Clement and Cornelia Reiher (Freie Universität Berlin).
May 5th, 2022 14:00-15:30 at University of Copenhagen, South Campus
The question of how to revitalize rural areas has made it onto the agenda of policymakers worldwide. One key factor for successfully reversing the traditional dynamic of rural resource exploitation and for turning rural areas into spaces of economic innovation, are human resources. However, attracting talent to rural areas has proven difficult. The talks look at dynamics of internal migration and approaches of rural revitalization by central and local governments in Japan and China. With their focus on internal migration, they shed light on practices and challenges of managing populations in the two countries and highlight the underlying ideas about who constitutes the „ideal in-migrant”.
Can migrants revitalize Japan’s countryside? Governmental promotion of urban-rural migration in Northern Kyushu (Cornelia Reiher, Freie Universität Berlin)
Who shall revitalize China’s countryside? China’s “Rural Revitalization Strategy” and new trends in governmental regulation of internal migration (Elena Meyer-Clement, University of Copenhagen)
Organized by the China and global Development Network, Department of Applied Social Sciences of the Hong Kong Polytechnic University and the French Centre for Research on Contemporary China, this seminar brings together thee presentations on the topic of agrarian futures in China. The presenters are drawn from the participants of a recent topical issue of China Perspectives on agrarian futures, co-edited by Karita Kan and René Trappel. René is also one of the presenters.
Together with Dr. Guo Pengpeng and Prof. Dr. Han Guoming, both long-term cooperation partners at the School of Management, Lanzhou University in Gansu Province, René Trappel published an article in the latest issue of Asian Perspective (45, 3, Summer 2021) on political opportunity structures and “rightful resistance” in rural China.
Elena Meyer-Clement has been invited to join the Advisory Board of Urban-Rural Assembly (URA), a large Sino-German research and development project based at TU Berlin and sponsored by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). We look forward to future exchanges!
Elena Meyer-Clement and Xiang Wang published a new chapter titled “Global city competition and new hierarchies of urban citizenship in China’s migration regime” in the book Immigration Governance in East Asia: Norm Diffusion, Politics of Identity, Citizenship. The book is edited by Gunter Schubert, Franziska Plümmer and Anastasiya Bayok. It analyzes immigration policies in contemporary East Asia and it is included in the Routledge Series on Asian Migration.
The chapter discusses China’s evolving approach to governing migration in its cities under the conditions of national and global city competition. It investigates how China’s central and local governments steer who becomes an urban citizen and whether there are signs of an integrated approach of governing immigration and internal migration. The analysis shows that on the national level, there is high alignment among recent immigration policies with the rationales of internal migration policies. There is a two-pronged approach in both policy areas: attracting skilled and educated foreigners and migrants on the one hand, and strengthening the governance of unwanted individuals on the other. The chapter presents two cases studies of Shanghai and Yiwu. The analysis shows that the existing hierarchical order of exclusion and inclusion in China’s local citizenship regimes has been reinforced by the diffusion of global norms of urban restructuring and city competition. Meanwhile, the differences between the two cases reveal that China’s central–local relations and the administrative rank of Chinese cities are important factors for understanding how global norms of capital restructuring and city rescaling affect China’s urban migration regimes.
Xiang Wang has published a new article with SAGE Publishing and Journal of Current Chinese Affairs, titled “Permits, Points, and Permanent Household Registration: Recalibrating Hukou Policy under “Top-Level Design””.
China’s New-type Urbanisation Plan heralded a new phase of reform of the household registration (hukou) system and initiated a nation-wide reconfiguration of hukou policy in Chinese cities. This study reveals that the former localisation of hukou policymaking has been brought to greater uniformity under the current central guidelines. The liberalisation of hukou conversion has been expanded to many large cities that previously employed selective migrant integration policies. Mega-cities have recalibrated the selection criteria for new citizens, elevating the importance of settlement duration and moderating the importance of educational and professional qualifications. Case studies in Guangdong further reveal the dynamic interactions among different levels of government in the course of reform. Local policy experimentations set important precedents for central policymaking, and the central guidelines are enforcing new adjustments in local implementation. The provincial government plays a prominent role in coordinating top-down directives and local conditions.
The OnlineFirst version of the full article is available here.
A project meeting was held at Freie Universität Berlin on January 17, 2020. All three members of the DFG research project team, Elena Meyer-Clement, René Trappel and Xiang Wang attended the meeting.
In the morning, Xiang Wang presented the preliminary findings from her four-month fieldwork about the redevelopment of urban villages (chengzhongcun) in Guangzhou. Prof. Bettina Gransow from the Chinese Studies department and Kimiko Suda, a recent PhD graduate, also joined the presentation and the discussion session thereafter.
In the afternoon, Elena presented her fieldwork findings in Jiangsu and Zhejiang. Afterwards, the project team shared their latest publications and upcoming plans for fieldwork, conferences and publications.
Karita Kan and René are guest editors for a 2021 special issue of China Perspectives on “Negotiating Agrarian Futures in China: Capital, Collectives, and Communities”. Please see here for more details: Call_for_papers_CP_Agrarian_Futures.
The deadline for abstracts (200-300 words) is February 29, 2020.